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Dual Learning

Dual Learning PDF Author: Tao Qin
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811588848
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 190

Book Description
Many AI (and machine learning) tasks present in dual forms, e.g., English-to-Chinese translation vs. Chinese-to-English translation, speech recognition vs. speech synthesis,question answering vs. question generation, and image classification vs. image generation. Dual learning is a new learning framework that leverages the primal-dual structure of AI tasks to obtain effective feedback or regularization signals in order to enhance the learning/inference process. Since it was first introduced four years ago, the concept has attracted considerable attention in multiple fields, and been proven effective in numerous applications, such as machine translation, image-to-image translation, speech synthesis and recognition, (visual) question answering and generation, image captioning and generation, and code summarization and generation. Offering a systematic and comprehensive overview of dual learning, this book enables interested researchers (both established and newcomers) and practitioners to gain a better understanding of the state of the art in the field. It also provides suggestions for further reading and tools to help readers advance the area. The book is divided into five parts. The first part gives a brief introduction to machine learning and deep learning. The second part introduces the algorithms based on the dual reconstruction principle using machine translation, image translation, speech processing and other NLP/CV tasks as the demo applications. It covers algorithms, such as dual semi-supervised learning, dual unsupervised learning and multi-agent dual learning. In the context of image translation, it introduces algorithms including CycleGAN, DualGAN, DiscoGAN cdGAN and more recent techniques/applications. The third part presents various work based on the probability principle, including dual supervised learning and dual inference based on the joint-probability principle and dual semi-supervised learning based on the marginal-probability principle. The fourth part reviews various theoretical studies on dual learning and discusses its connections to other learning paradigms. The fifth part provides a summary and suggests future research directions.

Dual Learning

Dual Learning PDF Author: Tao Qin
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811588848
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 190

Book Description
Many AI (and machine learning) tasks present in dual forms, e.g., English-to-Chinese translation vs. Chinese-to-English translation, speech recognition vs. speech synthesis,question answering vs. question generation, and image classification vs. image generation. Dual learning is a new learning framework that leverages the primal-dual structure of AI tasks to obtain effective feedback or regularization signals in order to enhance the learning/inference process. Since it was first introduced four years ago, the concept has attracted considerable attention in multiple fields, and been proven effective in numerous applications, such as machine translation, image-to-image translation, speech synthesis and recognition, (visual) question answering and generation, image captioning and generation, and code summarization and generation. Offering a systematic and comprehensive overview of dual learning, this book enables interested researchers (both established and newcomers) and practitioners to gain a better understanding of the state of the art in the field. It also provides suggestions for further reading and tools to help readers advance the area. The book is divided into five parts. The first part gives a brief introduction to machine learning and deep learning. The second part introduces the algorithms based on the dual reconstruction principle using machine translation, image translation, speech processing and other NLP/CV tasks as the demo applications. It covers algorithms, such as dual semi-supervised learning, dual unsupervised learning and multi-agent dual learning. In the context of image translation, it introduces algorithms including CycleGAN, DualGAN, DiscoGAN cdGAN and more recent techniques/applications. The third part presents various work based on the probability principle, including dual supervised learning and dual inference based on the joint-probability principle and dual semi-supervised learning based on the marginal-probability principle. The fourth part reviews various theoretical studies on dual learning and discusses its connections to other learning paradigms. The fifth part provides a summary and suggests future research directions.

Dual Language Education: Teaching and Leading in Two Languages

Dual Language Education: Teaching and Leading in Two Languages PDF Author: David E. DeMatthews
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030108317
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 213

Book Description
This book provides a comprehensive and interdisciplinary examination of dual language education for Latina/o English language learners (ELLs) in the United States, with a particular focus on the state of Texas and the U.S.-Mexico border. The book is broken into three parts. Part I examines how Latina/o ELLs have been historically underserved in public schools and how this has contributed to numerous educational inequities. Part II examines bilingualism, biliteracy, and dual language education as an effective model for addressing the inequities identified in Part I. Part III examines research on dual language education in a large urban school district, a high-performing elementary school that serves a high proportion of ELLs along the Texas-Mexico border, and best practices for principals and teachers. This volume explores the potential and realities of dual language education from a historical and social justice lens. Most importantly, the book shows how successful programs and schools need to address and align many related aspects in order to best serve emergent bilingual Latino/as: from preparing teachers and administrators, to understanding assessment and the impacts of financial inequities on bilingual learners. Peter Sayer, The Ohio State University, USA

Dual Bachelor'a study courses with integral attainment of a Bachelor's degree and vocational Master qualification

Dual Bachelor'a study courses with integral attainment of a Bachelor's degree and vocational Master qualification PDF Author: Jürgen Hogeforster
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 375265029X
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 384

Book Description
There is a strong and growing shortage of qualified entrepreneurs and managers in the SME sector, and this is the main factor hampering further development in all European countries. To meet these challenges, there is an urgent need to raise the qualification level of master craftsman training (German Meisterausbildung) as effective entrepreneurship training according to the needs of entrepreneurial activity and to introduce entrepreneurship education at academic level. The aim of the "Bachelor & Meister" project, which ran from September 2017 to August 2020, was to develop an innovative learning approach in the form of a dual integrated degree programme combining the advantages of master craftsman training and university studies. During the 3-year project duration, 2 different models of the dual integral study courses were developed: the dual integral study course "Civil Engineering" and "Electrical Engineering". The testing of the dual integral study course "Civil Engineering" in Germany was initiated. This publication contains the relevant information like curricula, examination regulations or experiences as results of the project Bachelor & Meister with the following partners: Hanse Parlament (DE), hochschule 21 (DE), Satakunta University of Applied Sciences (FI), Poznan University of Life Sciences (PL), Wielkopolska Crafts Chamber in Poznan (PL) and Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (LT).

Dual Language Education in the US

Dual Language Education in the US PDF Author: Pablo C. Ramírez
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000079732
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 154

Book Description
Originally published as a special issue of the journal Theory into Practice, this text examines innovative practices and research relating to Dual Language Education (DLE) in the US. Offering a variety of perspectives, contributors consider how dual language learning can benefit English-speaking and partner-language students across K-12, and explore how multilingualism can be harnessed for wider academic success. By investigating the ways in which schools and teachers have ensured provision of an effective DLE curriculum, chapters identify pedagogies and learning environments which support dual language learning, and consider how policy, curricula, and teacher education can be designed to promote social justice and diversity through broader access to dual programs. This book will be of interest to graduate and post graduate students, researchers, academics, professionals and policy makers in the field of multicultural education, international & comparative education, bilingualism studies, education policy and pedagogy.

Profiles of Dual Language Education in the 21st Century

Profiles of Dual Language Education in the 21st Century PDF Author: M. Beatriz Arias
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1788921682
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 252

Book Description
In the last 20 years dual language education programs have increased in number and expanded in range. Whereas once they were predominantly focused at the elementary level, they now span from pre-K through to high school. This book examines the key attributes of successful dual language programs, as well as the challenges and opportunities involved in extending the dual language instructional model to pre-K and secondary settings. Chapter authors, who are themselves both researchers and practitioners, explore the latest research and policy implications for implementation of dual language in three different contexts; within a school, a dual language school and a dual language district. This book will be of interest to teachers, teacher educators, professional development specialists, policymakers, administrators, and researchers.

Challenges and Opportunities for Education About Dual Use Issues in the Life Sciences

Challenges and Opportunities for Education About Dual Use Issues in the Life Sciences PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309158400
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 146

Book Description
The Challenges and Opportunities for Education About Dual Use Issues in the Life Sciences workshop was held to engage the life sciences community on the particular security issues related to research with dual use potential. More than 60 participants from almost 30 countries took part and included practicing life scientists, bioethics and biosecurity practitioners, and experts in the design of educational programs. The workshop sought to identify a baseline about (1) the extent to which dual use issues are currently being included in postsecondary education (undergraduate and postgraduate) in the life sciences; (2) in what contexts that education is occurring (e.g., in formal coursework, informal settings, as stand-alone subjects or part of more general training, and in what fields); and (3) what online educational materials addressing research in the life sciences with dual use potential already exist.

Dual-Process Theories of the Social Mind

Dual-Process Theories of the Social Mind PDF Author: Jeffrey W. Sherman
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462514391
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 624

Book Description
"This volume provides an authoritative synthesis of a dynamic, influential area of psychological research. Leading investigators address all aspects of dual-process theories: their core assumptions, conceptual foundations, and applications to a wide range of social phenomena. In 38 chapters, the volume addresses the pivotal role of automatic and controlled processes in attitudes and evaluation; social perception; thinking and reasoning; self-regulation; and the interplay of affect, cognition, and motivation. Current empirical and methodological developments are described. Critiques of the duality approach are explored and important questions for future research identified"--

Qualification and integration of young people by dual vocational training

Qualification and integration of young people by dual vocational training PDF Author: Elina Priedulena
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3744808076
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 336

Book Description
All European countries are facing a lack of skilled workforce and a rather high rate of youth unemployment rate. Often the qualification of the young talents does not match the actual needs of the labour market. One possibility too better align the qualifications to the real needs of the companies is to apply a work-based learning method like the dual system from Germany. It provides a high level of training on the spot, in the company. The publication sums up experiences of introducing the dual vocational training system in Hungary, Lithuania and Poland, including curricula and evaluation reports. The book puts an emphasis on vocational training in the Baltic Sea Region and shares also experiences of VET from other, non-EU countries like Russia.

Dual-process Theories in Social Psychology

Dual-process Theories in Social Psychology PDF Author: Shelly Chaiken
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 9781572304215
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 657

Book Description
This informative volume presents the first comprehensive review of research and theory on dual-process models of social information processing. These models distinguish between qualitatively different modes of information processing in making decisions and solving problems (e.g., associative versus rule-based, controlled versus uncontrolled, and affective versus cognitive modes). Leading contributors review the basic assumptions of these approaches and review the ways they have been applied and tested in such areas as attitudes, stereotyping, person perception, memory, and judgment. Also examined are the relationships between different sets of processing modes, the factors that determine their utilization, and how they work in combination to affect responses to social information.

A Humanizing Dual Language Immersion Education

A Humanizing Dual Language Immersion Education PDF Author: Yvette V. Lapayese
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004389725
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 116

Book Description
A Humanizing Dual Language Immersion Education positions bilingual education within a human rights framework, moving beyond pedagogical effectiveness in traditional schools to capturing the deeper mantra that DLI revolve around the present realities, epistemologies, and humanness of our bilingual youth.