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A History of American State and Local Economic Development

A History of American State and Local Economic Development PDF Author: Ronald W. Coan
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781785366352
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 752

Book Description
A History of American State and Local Economic Development presents the history of American local and state economic development from 1790 to 2000. This multi-variable, multi-disciplinary history employs a bottom-up policy-making systems approach through three eras of American state and local economic development. The history offers insight into why the practice and profession evolved as it has and comments on its present-day complexity. It stresses mainstream economic and community development as an output of jurisdictional policy systems driven by political culture and three key forces of change--industry/sector profit cycle, population mobility, and three competitive urban hierarchies--which continue to impact policy-making. With several chapters on each major US region, this book observes two macro political cultures, Privatism and Progressivism, that have persisted since the Early Republic and have inspired two often-conflicting approaches to confront urban growth and decline. The model employed to organize and explain the evolution of American state and local economic development puts great stress on the three 'competitive hierarchies' (urban, metropolitan, and global) - the last anticipating and incorporating populism and the future election of Donald Trump. The discussion concerning political culture and the Big Sort also reflects implications from the 2016 election. This history of American state and local economic development will be of main interest to the academic community and economic development professionals, particularly those in political science, public policy, history, economics, planning, urban sociology, and geography. Research institutes, policy institutes, and NGOs will also find value in the comprehensive history.

Local Economic Development In The Developing World

Local Economic Development In The Developing World PDF Author: Etienne Louis Nel
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412827652
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 358

Book Description
Over the last two decades the concept and practice of Local Economic Development (LED) has gained widespread acceptance around the world as a locally-based response to the challenges posed by globalization, devolution, local-level opportunities, and economic crises. Support for local economic development is now firmly on the agenda of many national governments and key international agencies. This volume examines the debates about Local Economic Development and examines some of the unfolding experiences of LED in the developing world. The focus is upon the region of southern Africa, and more especially upon post-apartheid South Africa. LED emerged in South Africa as one of the more significant post-apartheid development options being pursued by empowered localities with the overt encouragement of national government. Elsewhere in the developing world, much interest surrounds the experience of LED in post-apartheid South Africa, which is seen as a laboratory for experimentation, innovation, and learning. The seventeen chapters in this book examine the range of LED interventions that have been the basis for experimentation in the last decade, including both pro-market as well as pro-poor interventions. Key themes include debates about the most appropriate policy directions for LED, its contribution towards sustainable development, the role of social capital, cluster support, public procurement, eco-development, good governance and tourism-led LED. The book also contains a series of detailed case studies on the implementation of LED in South Africa and the wider region of southern Africa, including analyses of LED undertaken at a variety of scales from the provincial, metropolitan, and small-town level. Until now, most research on local economic development has focused on the developed world. This volume breaks new ground in applying LED policy and practices to problems specific to the developing world. It will be of interest to scholars of development studies, urban and regional planning, human geography, and urban studies. "This compelling and comprehensive book provides a look at the innovative (including pro-poor) local economic development strategies being used in South Africa. The contributors [to Local Economic Development in the Changing World: The Experience of Southern Africa] are among the very best scholars in the field." -Gary Gaile, University of Colorado "Etienne Nel and Christian Rogerson have produced an excellent book on local economic development in South Africa. The chapters in this timely volume contain many valuable lessons for both the developing and the developed world. Of particular importance is the policy focus of Nel and Rogerson on investing in and empowering low-income workers, entrepreneurs, families, and neighborhoods. Because of the special emphasis on inclusive economic development strategies, this book is a very useful guide to what the Prague Institute calls "Treating People and Communities as Assets." -Dr. Marc A. Weiss, Chairman and CEO, Prague Institute for Global Urban Development Etienne Nel is associate professor in the Department of Geography of Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa. Christian M. Rogerson is professor of human geography, School of Geography, Archaeology, and Environmental Studies, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.

A History of American State and Local Economic Development

A History of American State and Local Economic Development PDF Author: Ronald W. Coan
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781785366352
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 752

Book Description
A History of American State and Local Economic Development presents the history of American local and state economic development from 1790 to 2000. This multi-variable, multi-disciplinary history employs a bottom-up policy-making systems approach through three eras of American state and local economic development. The history offers insight into why the practice and profession evolved as it has and comments on its present-day complexity. It stresses mainstream economic and community development as an output of jurisdictional policy systems driven by political culture and three key forces of change--industry/sector profit cycle, population mobility, and three competitive urban hierarchies--which continue to impact policy-making. With several chapters on each major US region, this book observes two macro political cultures, Privatism and Progressivism, that have persisted since the Early Republic and have inspired two often-conflicting approaches to confront urban growth and decline. The model employed to organize and explain the evolution of American state and local economic development puts great stress on the three 'competitive hierarchies' (urban, metropolitan, and global) - the last anticipating and incorporating populism and the future election of Donald Trump. The discussion concerning political culture and the Big Sort also reflects implications from the 2016 election. This history of American state and local economic development will be of main interest to the academic community and economic development professionals, particularly those in political science, public policy, history, economics, planning, urban sociology, and geography. Research institutes, policy institutes, and NGOs will also find value in the comprehensive history.

Local Economic Development in Europe and the Americas

Local Economic Development in Europe and the Americas PDF Author: Christophe Demaziere
Publisher: Burns & Oates
ISBN:
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 331

Book Description
Since the 1970s, advanced societies have experienced inflation, rising unemployment and the instability of exchange rates. Macroeconomic policy instruments have shown their limits, while transnational corporations have never been more powerful. Within nation-states, regions and localities are searching for alternative economic growth.

Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) New Forms of Governance for Economic Development

Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) New Forms of Governance for Economic Development PDF Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264015329
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 318

Book Description
This book examines how the new forms of governance overcome administrative, political and financial obstacles and impact local prosperity and the quality of life.

Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Making Local Strategies Work Building the Evidence Base

Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Making Local Strategies Work Building the Evidence Base PDF Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264044868
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 176

Book Description
This book aims to support the design and delivery of more effective local and regional economic development strategies. A crucial part of this process is the collection and use of evidence, on local needs and options and on what works and what does ...

Local Economic Development

Local Economic Development PDF Author: Poh P'ng
Publisher: Westview Press
ISBN:
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 221

Book Description
Economic development incentives and practices have grown in importance as cities have tried aggressively to rebuild their economies. The different types of incentives provided on the local level range from low-cost loans for small business entrepreneurs to the use of property tax abatements to lure large plants to a community. The effectiveness of development incentives varies from city to city, as attested to by the examples in this volume of cities where incentives work to boost the economy and cities in which growth management practices have been instituted. Local Economic Development presents current research on local strategies implemented by cities in Britain, Canada, Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the United States. By comparing the approaches used in these countries, an international cast of contributors points to the politics, problems, and successes in creating and implementing effective local economic development policy.

Entrepreneurship and Local Economic Development

Entrepreneurship and Local Economic Development PDF Author: Norman Walzer
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 286

Book Description
Entrepreneurship and Local Economic Development delves into the current thinking on local entrepreneurship development programs and evaluates ways in which practitioners can implement successful entrepreneurship practices. Examining the role and potential for entrepreneurship programs in local economic development strategies, contributors to this edited collection have many years of experience working with entrerpreneurship initiatives in state and local governments. Focused on theory and case study, Entrepreneurship and Local Economic Development examines conceptual issues involved in creating entrepreneurship programs as well as practical examples of programs organized by state, regional, and local agencies.

Managing Local Economic Development

Managing Local Economic Development PDF Author: James M. Banovetz
Publisher: International City County Management Assn
ISBN:
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 143

Book Description
Nine case studies reflecting major economic development activities¿redevelopment, planning, balancing values and politics, and comparing costs and benefits. Suitable for use in a classroom and as stimulating discussion material in a local government setting, these cases set forth typical dilemmas facing local government managers¿short term vs. long term advantage, the development-social equity balance, and costs vs. benefits. All depend on strong leadership and clear reasoning for successful resolution.Most cases are described by the managers who were involved in the actual situations, thereby presenting the issues as they were perceived by decision makers involved. Both fact and theory are presented, and discussion questions suggested.

Federal Policy Towards State and Local Economic Development in the 1990s

Federal Policy Towards State and Local Economic Development in the 1990s PDF Author: Timothy J.. Bartik
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Industrial development projects
Languages : en
Pages : 23

Book Description


Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Organising Local Economic Development The Role of Development Agencies and Companies

Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Organising Local Economic Development The Role of Development Agencies and Companies PDF Author: Clark Greg
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264083537
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 496

Book Description
This book identifies how development agencies and companies work, what they do and how they can collaborate and what constitutes success and value added in their efforts to achieve local economic development.